During the meeting, the Prime Minister directed ministries to mobilise all resources to serve the people of Dhi Qar and to improve public services, including health, in the province. The Yezidis of Sinjar: the aftermath of catastrophe. Greater Kurdistan armed forces > Kurdish Military > SK Peshmerga. Da un punto di vista religioso, si trovano inoltre musulmani sciiti, cristiani, zoroastriani, yazidi, ebrei, shabaki, kakai, mandei e bahai. È la storia di Azad e della sua famiglia, una famiglia curda nell'Iraq della seconda … [16], The exact origins of the name Kurd are unclear. Kurdistan is not a country, but the map of the Kurdish region includes the geographical region in the Middle East wherein the Kurdish people have historically established a prominent population and unified cultural identity. MONETA – Dinaro iracheno. I Governatorati sotto diretto controllo del governo regionale del Kurdistan sono: I Governatorati rivendicati in tutto o in parte dal governo regionale del Kurdistan sono: Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 1 dic 2020 alle 22:17. The Kurdistan Region (KRI; Kurdish: هەرێمی كوردستان ,Herêma Kurdistanê‎, Arabic: اقليم كوردستان‎ ) is an autonomous region in northern Iraq comprising the four Kurdish-majority governorates of Dohuk, Erbil, Halabja and Sulaymaniyah and bordering Iran, Syria and Turkey. Most inhabitants are Muslim, but adherents to other religions are present as well – including Yarsanism, Yazidis, Alevis, Christians,[80] and in the past, Jews, most of whom emigrated to Israel. 20 (81): 149–182. L’avevo in wishlist da un po’, ho deciso di leggerlo dopo l’intervento militare turco in Rojava. [48][49], At the end of the First Gulf War, the Allies established a safe haven in northern Iraq. Iraqi Kurdistan, officially called the Kurdistan Region (Central Kurdish: هه‌رێمی کوردستان‎, translit. In the 16th century, after prolonged wars, Kurdish-inhabited areas were split between the Safavid and Ottoman empires. Il territorio è, in gran parte, formato da catene montuose che … Inoltre questa regione possiede materie prime minerarie, in particolare il petrolio, che è sfruttato da numerosi decenni. "Red Kurdistan" (1923-1929), the Republic of Ararat (1927–1930), and the Republic of Mahabad (1946). I numerosi fiumi che fluiscono da tali montagne e bagnano la regione sono all'origine della fertilità del terreno e della sua lussureggiante vegetazione. RELIGIONE – Circa il 94% degli abitanti del Kurdistan iracheno sono musulmani sunniti. Il Kurdistan iracheno, ufficialmente Regione del Kurdistan, (in curdo: Herêma Kurdistanê), è un'entità federale autonoma[2] nella parte settentrionale dell'Iraq che comprende i quattro governatorati a maggioranza curda di Dahuk (Dihok), Erbil (Hewlêr), Halabja (Helebce) e Sulaymaniyya (Silêmanî). Sono poi presenti yazidi, zoroastriani, yarsani, aleviti, ebrei, shabaki e mandei. Notable companies active in Kurdistan include ExxonMobil, Total, Chevron, Talisman Energy, Genel Energy, Hunt Oil, Gulf Keystone Petroleum, and Marathon Oil. [8], Nel 2013 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader dello Stato Islamico dell'Iraq fondato nel 2006 come parte della rete di al-Qāʿida, annuncia l'unione del suo gruppo con al-Nusra, il principale movimento islamista della guerriglia siriana. [95] This act caused Baghdad to threaten to revoke Exxon's contract in its southern fields, most notably the West-Qurna Phase 1 project. Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. Share. Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into six governorates, three of which (and parts of others) are under the control of the Kurdistan Regional Government. Syrian Kurdistan is located primarily in northern Syria, and covers the province of Al Hasakah and northern Raqqa Governorate, northern Aleppo Governorate and also Jabal al-Akrad (Mountain of the Kurds) region. At the San Francisco Peace Conference of 1945, the Kurdish delegation proposed consideration of territory claimed by the Kurds, which encompassed an area extending from the Mediterranean shores near Adana to the shores of the Persian Gulf near Bushehr, and included the Lur inhabited areas of southern Zagros. La regione confina con l'Iran a Est, con la Turchia a Nord, con la Siria a Ovest. Il ruolo della religione nella società curda è stato di primaria importanza divenendo, sia in un remoto che recente passato, il centro catalizzatore delle vicende curde. The Mandaeans practice an ancient gnostic religion. "region of Kurds")[5] or Greater Kurdistan[6] is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population[7] and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. Yezidi in Kurdistan quale futuro? [17][18] One of the ancient names of Kurdistan is Corduene. Large part of water to the neighbor countries come from it. Alcuni, come il Pdki, hanno cercato il sostegno statunitense e israeliano nella loro battaglia contro Teheran, entrando in una nuova fase della lotta armata in Iran forse in rea- zione alla crescente presa del Pkk tra i curdi iraniani11 . La parola "Kurdistan" significa letteralmente Paese dei Curdi. non vuole rinunciare alla sua antica tradi- C. Dahlman, "The Political Geography of Kurdistan", Sardar Aziz (2013). Lingua e religione . [43], According to Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi in his Sharafnama, the boundaries of the Kurdish land begin at the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf and stretch on an even line to the end of Malatya and Marash. La regione del Kurdistan … All were forcefully put down by the authorities. Se fossero di meno, saremmo più uniti e più forti”, ci dice Salar, classe ’66, curdo di Silêmanî, città del Kurdistan iracheno. Many translated example sentences containing "iracheno" – English-Italian dictionary and search engine for English translations. in Turkey, 125,000 km² (48,000 sq. I Curdi chiamano la loro regione Kurdistana Başȗr (Kurdistan del Sud) o Başûrê Kurdistanê (Sud del Kurdistan), in riferimento alla localizzazione geografica della regione autonoma rispetto all'ideale unitario del Kurdistan. In the former is the province of Ardelan, the ancient Arropachatis, now nominally a part of Irak Ajami, and belonging to the north west division called Al Jobal. «Il pericolo che minaccia il Kurdistan iracheno non è l’Isis, è la crisi economica» ... Islam Shiga Religione Stati Uniti Australia Jackson Studi Obiettivi Di Ripresa Lets Go. Due divisioni dell'esercito iracheno (la 15ª e la 16ª) erano, alla data del 2008, in fase di costituzione con dette unità. I cristiani del Kurdistan iracheno sono … Share. While Kurdistan is … [54][55][56], In an attempt to deny their existence, the Turkish government categorized Kurds as "Mountain Turks" until 1991;[57][58][59] The words "Kurds", "Kurdistan", or "Kurdish" were officially banned by the Turkish government. "My mother's face had lost it's smile. [9], Kurdistan generally encompasses the following four areas: southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan). Visualizza altre idee su kurdistan, iraq, pianificazione urbana. [91][92] Many think that for conserving the water "returning to traditional water-conserving cultivation techniques" will be needed, as well as "communal economy"[93]. It contains five others namely, Betlis, the ancient Carduchia, lying to the south and south west of the lake Van. [63][64] A guerrilla war took place through the 1980s and 1990s in which much of the countryside was evacuated, thousands of Kurdish villages were destroyed by the government, and numerous summary executions were carried out by both sides. Benché continuino i combattimenti sia contro il governo iracheno e le truppe straniere, sia fra le diverse comunità etnico-religiose, la scadenza viene rispettata e nel 2011 le truppe straniere terminano il ritiro dall'Iraq. I principali partiti presenti in Kurdistan sono il PDK, radicato nei governatorati di Arbil Urmia, Van, as well as Zarivar Lake west of Marivan, and Lake Dukan near the city of Sulaymaniyah, are frequented by tourists.[94]. Islamic State crisis: Air strikes target Syria stronghold. Kurdistan iracheno. La prima lotta curda per l'autonomia (1923-1975), Insurrezione e prime elezioni (1975-1992), Istituzione autonomia, guerre e turbolenze politiche (1992-2009), ISIL e riavvicinamento con l'Iraq (dopo il 2014), Iraqi Kurdistan in Middle Eastern politics, The United States and the Kurds: case studies in United States engagement, Last Convoy of American Troops Leaves Iraq, Syrian Rebels Tied to Al Qaeda Play Key Role in War, Iraq’s Branch of Al Qaeda Merges With Syria Jihadists, Il califfo dell'Isis al-Baghdadi appare a Mosul,obbeditemi, Iraq, nuovi raid Usa su Isis. La bandiera … Italy–Kurdistan Region relations are bilateral relations between Italy and the Kurdistan Region.Italy has a consulate general in Erbil, while Kurdistan Region has a representation in Rome. Kurdistan is one of the most mountainous regions in the world with a cold climate receiving annual precipitation adequate to sustain temperate forests and shrubs. London-New York. Più del 95% degli iracheni è musulmano, diviso in sciiti (più del 60%), presenti perlopiù nelle zone centrali e meridionali, e sunniti, che popolano soprattutto il nord.Il paese ospita, inoltre, alcune città sante sciite, come An-Najaf e Karbala. Kurdistan is not a country, but the map of the Kurdish region includes the geographical region in the Middle East wherein the Kurdish people have historically established a prominent population and unified cultural identity.. A People Without A Home IL KURDISTAN Il Kurdistan è un altopiano situato nel Medio Oriente. It is the oldest and first religion in Kurdistan. Nel 2008 Stati Uniti, principale forza d'occupazione straniera a seguito della seconda guerra del Golfo, e Iraq firmano un accordo sullo status delle forze armate nel quale si fissa il ritiro di tutte le truppe americane entro la fine del 2011. [15] There is also a Kurdistan Province in Iran, but it is not self-ruled. I curdi in Iraq hanno combattuto in modo oscillante per raggiungere l'autonomia o l'indipendenza nel corso del XX secolo e sono stati soggetti ad arabizzazione e genocidio nelle mani dell'Iraq. Iraq and Syria dammed many of these rivers and their tributaries, and Turkey has an extensive dam system under construction as part of the GAP (Southeast Anatolia Project); though incomplete, the GAP already supplies a significant proportion of Turkey's electrical energy needs. Allison, C. (2015). ... Università di Roma nel Kurdistan Iracheno. The Turkish nationalists, led by Mustafa Kemal, were riding high in the early 1920s after their victory against Greeceand were looking to take that momentum into Iraq and take back Mosul.With the British in direct control of northern Iraq after the … However, the reconquest of these areas by the forces of Kemal Atatürk (and other pressing issues) caused the Allies to accept the renegotiated Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and the borders of the modern Republic of Turkey, leaving the Kurds without a self-ruled region. Oriente Moderno. Their name comes from the Aramaic for "knowledge." [12] A luglio 2016 l'unica grande città di cui lo Stato Islamico mantiene il controllo è Mosul, considerata la "capitale" del Califfato in Iraq fin dalla sua presa nel 2014.[13]. The word 'Kurdistan', which translates as 'Land of the Kurds', is first attested in 11th century Seljuk chronicles. The region was declared a closed military area from which foreigners were banned between 1925 and 1965. Il governo regionale del Kurdistan dispone di una forza armata nota sotto la denominazione di "Guardie regionali curde" (Kurdish Regional Guards), chiamate anche Peshmerga, dotate di solo armamento leggero. Lower Curdistan comprises all the level tract to the east of the Tigris, and the minor ranges immediately bounding the plains and reaching thence to the foot of the great range, which may justly be denominated the Alps of western Asia.[85]. Giunto in Ticino dal Kurdistan iracheno nel 2008, ha imparato alla svelta l’italiano e ha realizzato un sogno: fare il parrucchiere. Islamic State bomb attack on Houthi rebel leaders in Yemen leaves 28 … Sometimes even the western regions of the Armenian Republic and Georgia are also included into this phantom land. (it) Barham Ahmad Salih (ara. La coalizione assicura ai curdi anche supporto logistico per le truppe peshmerga grazie ad addestramenti militari in Iraq. 30giorni.it. Corduene became a vassal state of the Roman Republic in 66 BC and remained allied with the Romans until AD 384. 4-set-2017 - Esplora la bacheca "Erbil Citadel" di su Pinterest. Many high-level meeting have been held between Italy and Kurdistan Region. Kurds fighting in the Syrian Civil War were able to take control of large sections of northern Syria and establish self-governing regions in an Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, where they call for autonomy in a federal Syria after the war. [71] The word 'Kurdistan', whether written or spoken, can still lead to detention and prosecution in Turkey. [40][41], A later use of the term Kurdistan is found in Empire of Trebizond documents in 1336[42] and in Nuzhat-al-Qulub, written by Hamdollah Mostowfi in 1340. mi.) [100], In July 2012, Turkey and the Kurdistan Region signed an agreement by which Turkey will supply the KRG with refined petroleum products in exchange for crude oil. [9], All'inizio del 2014 questo gruppo assume il controllo della città di Falluja e di buona parte della provincia irachena occidentale di al-Anbar, oltre che della Siria orientale, e si espande poi fra giugno e luglio a nord e a est, prendendo in particolare le città di Mosul e Tikrit e spingendosi fino al territorio del Kurdistan. T. A. Sinclair, "Eastern Turkey, an Architectural and Archaeological Survey", Vol. "region of Kurds") or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based.